Glossary

A

Addition

The addition is the amount of material required for wrinkles. An addition or a shirring ratio of 2:1 means that 2 metres of fabric are required for one metre of fully decorated curtain.

Alcantara

Alcantara is the brand name of a microfibre fabric. It is made of polyester or polyurethane fibres. It has a suede surface and looks similar to suede. Alcantara is very hard-wearing and is therefore very popular as a cover fabric.

Air gap

This is defined as the distance between the curtain end and the floor.

B

Burnout flame

The term burnout always refers to mixed fabrics. One of these mixed tissues is etched away. This creates a curtain fabric that is partly transparent and partly has an opaque pattern. The process for the production of burn-out materials is similar to screen printing.

Blackout

A blackout is a darkening material. It provides almost 100% darkness in the room through a coating on the back.

Blind

A blind is a curtain made of an almost transparent fabric. It is often used in combination with decorative scarves and still offers privacy.

C

Cotton

Cotton is a natural fibre obtained from the seed hairs of the fruit capsules of cotton bushes and consists mainly of cellulose.

Clic gliders

Clic gliders have small plastic hooks on the lower part which are attached to the curtain. On the upper part are two flexible wings, which can be "clicked" effortlessly into the run of the rail.

Ceiling rail

There are different ways to bring a curtain to the wall or ceiling. As the name suggests, the ceiling rail is mounted on the ceiling and the curtain can provide a final look between ceiling and floor.

Covers

A cover is a coating for furniture. It is usually used for seating furniture, but can also be used for high tables or marquee furniture.

Cord

The term cord refers to an ornamental string that is twisted several times.

Custom-made product

With a made-to-measure production the work is carried out according to the specifications of the customer and thus each customer receives an individual unique piece.

D

Decorative scarf

A decorative scarf has no function such as a blackout curtain. The decorative scarf does not have to cover the whole window, it is only there to support the decoration of a room.

Double piping

Like the trimming, the double piping is an ornamental band that is used for cushioning. It consists of two laces running next to each other and is also available in different designs.

Dimout

A dimout, like the blackout, is a darkening material. However, it only darkens the room by up to 80% (depending on the colour of the fabric). The Dimout falls much more elegantly than a blackout fabric.

Darkening fabrics

Blackouts and dimouts are among the darkening fabrics.

Decorative nails

Decorative nails are visible fastenings of clamping parts or decorative accentuation of armrests. They are available nickel-plated, brass-plated or made of plastic, with smooth heads or with ornaments.

E

Edging

Edgings can be knotted, knitted, woven, printed or embroidered. Borders are trimming strips or, to put it simply, decorated edges or decorated fabric edges.

End caps

With the end caps a curtain rail is closed, these can also be decorative for rods.

Eyelets

Eyelets are metal rings that are driven into the fabric of the curtain and through which the curtain rod later runs. Eyelets are available in different colours and sizes.

F

Fading

Natural fibre fabrics run the risk of fading in constant sunlight. To avoid this, the fabric is lined on the back with a light-resistant fabric.

Frill

In order to create folds (of any kind) in a curtain, the sewn on pleat tape is friled by hand to the finished width.

Floor primer

If a carpet is laid, the floor must always first be tested and prepared for laying. A floor primer (individually adapted to the substrate) ensures perfect adhesion of the covering.

Freehand drapery

The term freehand drapery refers to a fabric that has been laid freely over a curtain rail for decoration. Freehand drapery can be used to make interlacing, bows or sashes, among other things. Furthermore, it is also possible to combine several pieces of fabric.

Finished height

The finished height (FH) indicates the finished height of a curtain.

Feathers

Feathers are used in traditional upholstery and are specially laced. This results in a durable and robust upholstery.

Finished width

The finished width (FB) indicates the final dimension of the width with folds or crimping of a curtain.

Feather lines

Feather linen is a coarse and natural-coloured fabric in plain weave, which is used in traditional upholstery.

Fell seam

The felled seam is a particularly durable double seam in which the protruding seam edges are stitched with narrow edges.

Floating

A curtain is called floating if it floats at least 2cm above the ground. It must not come into contact with the ground.

Foam

Foam is a fully synthetic material. It replaces materials like horsehair. The density determines the degree of hardness: the higher, the firmer. High density means high elasticity with low material fatigue.

G

Glider

Glides are made of plastic and run into the rail. These gliders are used to attach hooks that are connected to the curtain.

H

Horsehair

Horsehair is a filler mainly used in traditional upholstery.

Hem

A hem always closes a curtain - whether at the sides or at the bottom. The fabric is wrapped several times to create a clean edge and is then sewn.

I

Intermediate brake

An intermediate brake is mounted in the rail run to stop the curtain at this point. (This is recommended for blackout curtains.)

Infeed rail

An infeed rail has a run into which gliders are inserted. The fixing of the curtain is therefore not visible and more practical than decorative.

J

Jute belts

Jute belts are used for traditional upholstery. These are narrow, plain-walled fabric strips of jute yarns in widths of 8 cm for seat upholstery and 7 cm for backrest upholstery. Decisive for their quality is the type of yarn used for the warp (double or triple) and the yarn density.

L

Lead tape

The interior decorator calls a lead tape a weighting tape at the bottom end of a window decoration. It is sewn into the lower hem and provides a visually more attractive image.

Lining

A lining material is used to prevent bleaching of natural fibres, for sound insulation or to use a selected material as a darkening material.

Little head

In curtains with ripples or ruffles, the protruding edge at the top is called a little head. Hooks or rods can be hidden behind the head of the curtain.

Linen

Linen is a natural fibre obtained from the flax plant. Fabrics made of this natural fibre are also called linen.

Leather

Leather is a natural product that is made from the skins of animals and is preserved by the subsequent process. The very hard-wearing and durable material is unmistakable in its striking beauty. Due to the positive properties of leather, it is a precious product.

Lace

Lace is a textile product with a filigree openwork structure. Lace is produced and offered in various designs. A distinction is made between crochet lace, tulle lace and bobbin lace.

Lower edge of rail

The lower edge of the rail as well as the upper edge of the rail is essential for the made-to-measure production of a curtain.

M

Modern upholstery

Nowadays all newly made furniture is modernly upholstered with foam and cotton wool.

Mixed fibre

Mixed fibre is a blend of silk, cotton, linen and viscose. By blending the fibres, a change in material properties and a more stable shape is reached.

Martindale

The scouring tours are a unit like meters or kilograms, they describe the results of the "Martindale Test" (named after its inventor). The higher the number of tours, the more resistant the fabric behaves.

N

Notches

Notches are provided at the end or beginning of a curtain rail. These are designed so that the curtain can be easily removed through the hole in the notch for washing.

Nettle

The nettle is a plain, canvas-binding fabric made of simple cotton yarns. It is available in natural white or bleached and in many different widths. It is often used for basic printing.

Needle fleece

Needle fleece is one of the most frequently produced textile coverings. It is hard-wearing, easy to clean and easy to work with. It is often used in public buildings.

O

Overlying

A curtain is defined as overlying when the lower edge of the curtain lies on the floor.

P

Pleating tape

To create or fix exact folds you can use folding tape or curtain tape or ruffle tape. The pleated tape is sewn from the back to the curtain fabric. When the tape is then pulled together, even groups of folds such as triple folds or fivefold folds are created in the curtain.

Panel blind

A panel blind is a smooth hanging window decoration that can be moved along rails. In contrast to the blind or decorative scarf, no vertical folds are formed. It is often referred to as a sliding curtain.

Posaments

The term posaments refers to various types of narrow textile products. Thus, all kinds of trimmings and jewellery articles (e.g. tassels, cords, borders, fringes) belong to the trimmings.

Pleated curtains

A pleated curtain is mounted directly in front of the window pane and serves mainly as a privacy screen. It is mounted in such a way that it can be individually adjusted. A pleated curtain is made of a fabric laid in even folds.

Polyesters

Synthetic fibres are made of polyester. These polyester fabrics are easy-care and protected against fading.

Plug-in hooks

Hooks connect a curtain with rings or gliders attached to the curtain rail or curtain rod.

Pull Cord

A pull cord rail is operated with a cord that runs through the inner run of the rail and opens and closes the curtain without having to touch the curtain. Only the cord has to be operated.

R

Rapport

A rapport is a repetition of patterns or motifs in patterned fabrics. The repeat is specified in length and width, after which the pattern or motif of the fabric is repeated.

Rubber straps

Rubber straps are used in modern upholstery and create the optimum base for a foam upholstery when interlacing.

Roman blind

With the roman blind, the roller blind is gathered upwards by tapes attached at the back.

Rings

Rings are a method of fixing curtains to curtain rods. There is a plastic hook on the rings, which is attached to the curtain. The curtain is then pulled over the curtain rod with the help of the rings.

Rug

A rug is a larger textile which is knotted or woven from a large number of stitches. It is a textile floor covering to increase living comfort.

S

Singe pleat

A single pleat is a kind of pleat tape with which each curtain is covered. The single pleat is a very symmetrical pleat tape.

Sewing needles

The fabrics are attached to a furniture frame with sewing needles.

Satin

Satin is a fabric with a very shiny surface and a matt underside. Various fibres can be used to produce satin. The satin fabric is available in silk, viscose, microfibre or polyester.

Spinning rod

A spinning rod is designed for the comfort of curtain opening and closing. It is inserted into the track between the first and second glides of the curtain, so that the curtain is pulled along.

Silk

Silk is an extremely noble and very thin natural fibre obtained from the cocoons of silkworms. Silk is soft and shiny. It is woven into different weights.

Shear wool

Shear wool is wool that comes from living sheep and is obtained from the churn of the sheep.

Sash

A sash is the term used to describe a hanging part of a curtain or drapery of shawls that is usually pointed.

Synthetic fibre

The term synthetic fibre is used to describe various synthetic fibres. These include, for example, acrylic, polyester and viscose. Synthetic fibres often imitate natural fibres, which are more durable, waterproof and tear-resistant.

T

Trimming

A trimming is a woven and patterned ribbon used as decoration on upholstered furniture. This is available in various designs in terms of colour, pattern and size.

Taping

Taping is generally used for upholstery. However, there are differences between modern and traditional upholstery work.

Top edge of rail

The top edge of the rail is the upper end of the rail. This term is very important for custom-made products.

Tassel

A tassel is a hanging bundle of cords or threads. To limit the cords or threads, a knot often serves as an upper limit.

Tie-back

Tie-backs are suitable for holding curtains or decorative scarves gathered to the side. They are made of different materials in different designs, e.g. a double-laid cord with attached tassels. Or they are sewn from the respective decorative fabric with a stiff or soft inlay.

Traditional upholstery

In traditional upholstery, only materials and tools used at that time are used. Traditionally upholstered furniture has a high value.

Tunnel hem

The tunnel hem is a hem sewn to the upper edge of curtains. The curtain rod is pulled through the tunnel hem to hang the curtain.

Taft

Taft is a plain weave fabric made of silk or synthetic. Taft is woven with a dense warp setting which results in the formation of fine cross ribs.

Trevira CS

Trevira CS is a synthetic fibre for fabrics with integrated flame protection. The abbreviation CS stands for "Comfort and Safety".

V

Velvet

Velvet is a very high-quality fabric produced on special looms - velvet looms. During the production of velvet, a second weft or warp thread is incorporated. This thread forms loops, which are usually cut open, resulting in the fibre pile typical of velvet.

Velour

Velour is a fabric with a high pile, similar to velvet.

Velour carpets

Velour carpets have a particularly velvety surface. This makes it feel particularly soft.

Viscose

Viscose is a smooth material made artificially from cellulose. In the past, such fibres were also known as reyon, which is no longer permitted under the Textile Labelling Act. Viscose is similar to silk.

W

Welt

A welting is used to cover and decorate visible seams and to reinforce the edges. During its production, a thin piping cord is wrapped with the upholstery fabric of the set. This requires a special foot on the sewing machine, the welt foot. This creates a decorative bead. The piping is a striking decorative element and is very often contrasted in colour with the upholstery fabric.

Wadding

Wadding is used during padding to prevent the abrasion of a fabric on the foam.

Waveband

A wave band is an alternative to the pleated band. The curtain is not crimped, but fixed immediately. This results in a beautiful wave that deflects forward and backward.

Wall rail

A wall rail, as the name says, is fixed to the wall with brackets. This is a popular method for old buildings so as not to conceal the stucco.